Having an apple tree is a wonderful addition to any home. Apple trees are beautiful and provide an opportunity for young children to learn useful life skills. Many families choose to purchase trees years in advance to ensure optimal growing conditions from the best apple tree nurseries in Indiana. But what if the apple of your eye is less than desirable? Before you get upset with the nursery, consider growing conditions for apple trees and proper growing conditions.
Apple trees are deciduous trees, which means they lose their leaves seasonally and lose their fruit once the fruit reaches maturity. High temperatures with regular rain in the Midwest tend to create rotting atmospheres for apple tree in the state of Indiana. A few common rots include:
These cankers appear on dying wood and spread rapidly through fruit trees. Windfalls are another prime location for black rot to occur. Black rot can be found on fruit buds as early as late September and must be identified and removed immediately to avoid an infestation. Good sanitation practices can help prevent black rot.
Wounding of the fruit of apple trees contributes to the occurrence of white rot. One of the worst infestations occurred in southern Indiana in 1951. When temperatures reach 85 degrees Fahrenheit or higher the occurrence of white rot is more likely to occur. Honeycrisp apples are known to have a high occurrence of white rot.
This fungus survives on fruit throughout the winter season. The disease lives in the mummified fruit of the trees. It was originally thought to be a southern fruit tree disease, but transplanting of trees in recent years have shown that bitter rot can occur in multiple regions of the country.
To prevent rotting of your apple trees in the summer months, it is important to remove windfalls, dead wood, and cankers from the trees. The diseased wood must be burned to ensure that the disease is eliminated from your lawn. Rots of apple trees are best managed by applying mancozeb until the last possible time before pre-harvest. Pristine, Merivon, and Luna Sensation are fungicides that are excellent for controlling bitter rot and offer protection against black and white rot. Alternating fungicides with captam or ziram is suggested to best control the rot. Fungicides should not be used longer than a period of 14 days. If the disease is not controlled after 14 days the tree may infected beyond repair.
High humidity and summer weather is beyond the scope of our control. However, proper sanitation practices can ensure that apple tree nurseries in Indiana will grow large and fruitful. Managing decaying wood and fruit is important to reduce the risk of spreading disease to other areas of the apple tree. Proper pruning is important to ensuring the success of your apple tree. The knip boom process employed by Hostetler Farms ensures the best chance of success for your apple tree. However, disease and rot management will guarantee the success of your apple tree.